Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Management of ADHD with Cognitive Behavior Therapy

ADHD is a condition characterized by reduced attention span, inattention with or without hyperactivity. There are different management options including mediation, homeopathy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

ADHD is characteristically typified by diminished attention span or complete inattention and/or hyperactivity. It is an behavior disorder is relatively common in children and adolescents, and may also manifest in adults.

Signs and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Inattention:

  1. The individual is very easily diverted by the slightest stimulus, which is by and large ignored by others.
  2. There is decreased concentration and lowered attention, especially to details, as a result, the work is careless and messy.
  3. He can not carry out assignments that require concentration.
  4. There’s a tendency to postpone and delay things.
  5. Forgetfulness

Hyperactivity:

  1. There is extreme restless, impatience, he gets up repeatedly and walks around the room and squirms in his seat.
  2. He can not engage in quiet activities.
  3. Talks excessively.

Impulsivity:

  1. Constantly intrudes and interrupts people.
  2. Begins conversations at incorrect and inappropriate times, answers before the question is completed.
  3. Some individuals may engage in dangerous activities, without taking into account the consequences of their actions.

Management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder :

Treatment of ADHD in children, adolescents and adults is a multidiscplinary approach and includes various aspects, such as medication, counseling, meditation, etc.

Treatment for children and adolescents:

  1. Educating the parents and child about ADHD, its symptoms, treatment and consequences is a very important part of the treatment plan.
  2. Medications to treat hyperactivity and impulsiveness becomes necessary. 
  3. Cognitive Behavior Therapy or CBT helps streamline behavior and conduct.
  4. It is crucial to involve the school teachers and the counselor to hasten cure.

Treatment for adults:

  1. The first step of the management program id to educate the patient about the disorder.
  2. Medication and drug therapy becomes essential in extreme cases of anger, agitation and recklessness.
  3. Cognitive Behavior Therapy is decidedly beneficial
  4. The most important aspect is a strong family support.
  5. Skilled training, time management training, etc also come in to play.

Medications:

The chief medicines used are stimulants, non-stimulants and anti-depressants. They enhance concentration levels, reduce restlessness and help in impulse management.However, there are a few associated side effects of using these medications. The side effects are handled by the doctor, by altering the dose and the regularity of the remedy, and modifying the program of the drugs.

Cognitive Behavior therapy to treat ADHD:

CBT is a psycho-therapeutic approach to manage ADHD, that favorably solves issues related to behavior, conduct, understanding, cognition, and dysfunctional emotions via a purpose oriented, methodical and logical technique.

  1. Behavior managing focuses on acknowledging the individual’s behavior as a symptom of the ailment and not as a destructive or negative feature.
  2. The treatment concentrates on the appropriate or good behavior and ignores the minor inappropriate behavior. 
  3. Goal-setting is a very vital part of the therapy. Realistic and definite goals are set and the patient is helped to achieve it.Certain art and craft activities can be beneficial for younger children
  4. Consequences or rewards, depending on the behavior, are an essential aspect of the therapy. Appropriate behavior is rewarded, while, bad behavior bears consequences.
  5. Regular, sustained, long-term counseling is required for complete, successful, and lasting cure.

Meditation to treat ADHD:

Meditation is an extremely powerful and beneficial tool to manage all psychological troubles. It is an excellent way to encourage the healing process.

  1. Meditation supports rest, repose and peace.
  2. It makes you aware of your thought-patterns, and helps recognize and alter negative patterns.
  3. It provides a relaxed and composed way to work
  4. Meditation helps reduce the number of mistakes and accidents
  5. It significantly decreases mental clutter and helps focus on the task at hand and improves memory.

Homoeopathy helps treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

There are innumerable Homoeopathic drugs that have a beneficial effect on the brain and the nervous system. These medicines act as nerve tonics, particularly, when the individual has trouble keeping the mind fixed on one specific thing, is impatient, fidgety and wakeful, highly sensitive to external stimuli, like noise, and can not keep still.

Homoeopathy pacifies the entire nervous system, soothes frayed nerves and has a powerful strengthening and beneficial effect.

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